of the Peit(h)mann Family Chronicle
by Denise Goppelt and Gudrun Wilde
with the assistance of Brian Huck
German Original written by Wilhelm Meier-Peithmann
published by the Peit(h)mann Family Association
(includes many photographs)
In this chronicle we look back on 6 centuries of family history. We undertake to present all known bearers of the name Peit(h)mann from the 14th to the 20th century and to pt them into their local, historical, and cultural context. The subtitle might be “A History of Everyday Civilization as Represented by the Peit(h)mann Families”.
A picture as vivid as possible should be drawn or the reader. Therefore, we will reproduce many documents from past centuries literally, in part or in full length. Starting with the seventies of the past century we can show photos of the family members. Most of the different parts of this chronicle will deal with larger groups of family members. For instance, some generations or family branches will deal with individuals for whom we have a great amount of information. A few articles will give information on more general topics, e. g. the family coat of arms or the family name.
I was unable to find an equal amount of information on dates, character, and achievements of every bearer of the name in the archives and through my questioning. Careful judgements had to be used in cases where information was based on recollections of relatives. Where I found a shadow cast on a character, I have tried to view it with reluctant goodwill and impartiality without palliating. A chronicler is always subject to personal influences on his selection or representation of facts in spite or because of the often great historical distance and of the accounting for daily circumstances. This family history, too, can only be an imperfect attempt to do justice to the ancestors.
We shall show the living only with important dates and without photos. The children of women née Peit(h)mann will only be mentioned with their names and dates of birth and death. We shall give places of birth and death only in cases where they are different form the given living places of their parents or from their own domiciles.
The contents of this chronicle should be verifiable. Therefore, we add lists of literature, unprinted sources, and names of informants to each chapter.
At the present date we are unable to give a complete history of the family. Several branches of the family are still subject to research. Also we lack the necessary funds to publish everything in one big volume. The chronicle will therefore be edited in sequences into which we shall incorporate such articles for which the research has come to a provisional end. We also intend to group topics in one sequence which relate to different branches of the family, to different centuries and geographical areas in order to arouse the interest of a widespread group of reader in our families.
The whole chronicle will consist of roughly 10 parts with 5 to 7 articles each of different length. We recommend to have them bound after the last part has been published together with an index of names and places and a chronological summary of all topics.
In order to facilitate the historical classification you may refer to the Commemoration Pamphlet “Six Centuries of Peit(h)mann Families from Stadthagen” published in 1980 at the occasion of the family reunion and comprising 22 tables of ancestors. In the summary of each single sequence we shall mention the number(s) of the respective table(s) for each article.
It would not be possible to edit the chronicle without
the ready support of many members and descendants of Peit(h)mann families, who
have let me have biographies, information, photos, documents and other material
for study. My special thanks are addressed to Heinrich Peithmann (
Bergen on Dumme, June 1982 Wilhelm Meier-Peithmann
With annotations of the respective tables in the pamphlet “Six Centuries of Peit(h)mann Families from Stadthagen” (Stadthagen 1980)
Dr. Heinrich Peitmann (1914-1943) Pioneer of our Family Research page 7
Of the first bearers of the name Peit(h)mann in and from Stadthagen page 13
Eberhard Peithman, died 1607, third Protestant Schoolmaster in Eutin page 17
The Pharmacist Georg Ludwig Peithmann (1744 - 1821) in Lintorf and page 23
The Farmer Ernst Ludwig Andreas Peithmann (1836 – 1916) page 29
The Farmer Frederick Peithmann (1853 – 1934) founds the Family page 51
Branch ”Sedalia” (Missouri, USA)
Pioneer of our Family Research
As early as in the first decades of this century a few members of our families tried to do research on our ancestors. Thanks to them, too, we can start in this part to relate from the chronicle of the Peit(h)mann families. They set important “milestones” from which today’s investigators can penetrate into time and space in order to track down still unknown branches and bearers of the family name and to investigate their living conditions.
Dr. Wilhelm Eberhard H e i n r i c h Peitmann, called Heiner (born August 4th, 1914), son of Stadthagen-born medical superintendent Dr. Heinrich Peitmann, Sr. (1875 – 1954) in Dortmund-Hörde, acquired fundamental knowledge of the early history and subsequent branching out of the Peit(h)mann families. Even before him members of the Südhemmern branch of the family had gathered first information on the family history, on which Heiner could fall back.
The investigation of the Peit(h)mann families started in the last years of the 19th century. The Südhemmern-born theologian Dr. E. Christian H. Peithmann (1868 – 1943) probably learnt during his theological studies of the Peithmann-ministers some of whom were among his ancestors. He learnt that the origin of the families lay in Stadthagen.
Upon the request of Christian, who had
emigrated to the United States before the turn of the century, his brother
Heinrich (1872 – 1963) farmer and subsequently mayor in Südhemmern,
had photos taken in 1909 of the life-sized portrait of chief preacher Master
Ludolf Peithmann (1593 – 1648) in St. Martin’s Church in
Stadthagen. Heinrich Peithmann also collected many genealogical dates by
inspecting the parish registers of Bergkirchen and Frille near
Heinrich Peithmann’s son Hermann (born 906), farmer and subsequently mayor in Südhemmern, continued the genealogical research from 1926. Sometime together with his cousin Ernst Krüger (1910 – 1979) from Hille, he rode his bicycle many times to the Stadthagen area to track down bearers of the Peit(h)mann name on gravestones and in parish registers. The provisional conclusion of these works was a family tree of the main branch “B” (Peithmann) drafted by Ernst Krüger. This tree shows the direct line from Tileke Poyteman (documented in Stadthagen in1406) over 12 generations to Eberhard Friedrich Gottlieb Peithmann (1809 – 1882) in Unterlübbe. With the sons of the latter, the splitting of the Westphalian branches started.-Reproductions of this representation of ancestors together with the coat of arms and the (trade) mark can still be seen in the houses of several Peithmann-families.
While he was on one of his visits to Stadthagen, Hermann Peithmann got to know the then law student Heiner Peitmann. It proved to be very beneficial to our family research that a member of the Stadthagen-Peitmann-line “A” and of the Westphalian-Peithmann-line “B” were able to compare and complete their results. Dr. med. Heinrich Peitmann, Sr., who was active as local historian and local poet in his native town Stadthagen after his retirement, paid great attention to the investigations undertaken by his son Heiner. Upon visit at Südhemmern he got information on the Westphalian branches from Heinrich and Hermann Peithmann.
The genealogical research accompanied Heiner
along many stations of his life. During his schooldays in Dortmund-Hörde
– from where he graduated in 1933 – history had been his favourite
subject, and the woks of
During this period he obtained material for
manufacturing a model of the old Peitmann house in Niedernstraße (=
His thorough sorting of the Stadthagen parish registers and of the documents in the municipal archives, as well as of the book written by M. Burchard “The Municipal Archives of Stadthagen as a Source for the History of the Population” (edited in Leipzig in 1927), resulted in the a card-index of ancestors, which he established with great application and perseverance. It comprise 219 personal cards and 18 summary cards. An introductory diagram shows the branching out over 15 generations. The members of the main line “A”, in today’s spelling
”Peitmann”, are shown on red cards;
the members of the main line “B”, in today’s spelling
“Peithmann”, are shown on green cards. Each generation is preceded
by a numbered index of all its members. We find the following data on the
cards: first name, family name, names of parents, dates of birth and death,
profession, address, date of marriage and dates of the spouse as well as the
names of the children. Very often further information is given or reference
made to literature and parish registers. Heiner’s card-index is thought
to be the most important document from the first decades f our family research.
t is essential for our task today. We do not belittle Heiner’s merits by
stating that the data on his cards also include errors. Following his labour
service he studied for one semester at the
Heiner continued his studies at the
In 1940 Heiner spent the first months of the
In his letter from
On March 25th,1947, a civil servant
from the local administration in
Heiner had initially survived the horrors of
the siege to
In commemoration of her son his mother wrote a detailed, warm-hearted report on his life and his activities, from which the author was able to borrow many details. Her report ends: “It is not only we who have had to give our dear son. We know that thanks to his talents and to his character he could have rendered valuable services to all his relatives and friends, who mourn for him, even o his German home country.” This remark is especially true for the genealogical research in our families, which came to a standstill for three and a half decades.
I thank Mr. Hermann Peithmann, Sr. (Hille-Südhemmern) for his information on the history of our family research. Dr. Anne-Liese Maass-Peitman (Stadthagen), Mrs. Margot Peitman (Düsseldorf) and Mr. Gerhard Peitmann (Schwerte) made the photos available.
in and from Stadthagen
The history of the Peit(h)mann families starts at the end of the 14th century in Stadthagen. Especially in the beginning it is strongly linked to the history of his town. In this chapter it is therefore indispensable to make some brief remarks on the origin and early development of this place. The authors named in the bibliography, to whom I refer here, have written summaries of the municipal history.
Presumably about 1224 Count Adolf III of
Schaumburg founded the town, which was later named after him
“Grevenalveshagen” (=Count Adolf’
To our present knowledge “Poyteman”, an early form of our family name, was first mentioned in the year 1394. This was a year during the period of immigration of foreign, among whom may have been a bearer of our family name. However, we do not know where the first Poyteman in Stadthagen came from.
314 citizens are mentioned by name in the register of inhabitants of Stadthagen which was installed in 1382 upon the order of Count Otto I on the occasion of the Westphalian Public Peace being confirmed by oath. Each year between 10 and 30 new citizens were added, about hall of them were natives, about half of them were immigrants. Among the citizens who had to confirm the Public Peace by oath in Stadthagen in 1382 there was no bearer of the name Poyteman yet. However, it is possible that a member of the family lived in the town at that time without being a citizen. For next to the citizens lived so-called “medewohner” (0co-inhabitants) who had their permanent residence in the town but who could not or did not want to get the formal citizenship.
The first bearer of our family name is not
mentioned in the public documents as a citizen but as a new member of a guild
of craftsmen. From the oldest accounts of Stadthagen of 1378 – 1401,
which have been kept in the Royal Library in
“Likewise 3 s (=shillings) Elzeke Poytemanes from the linen weavers’ guild”.
Elzeke is the older form of the name Else (=Elsie). She probably entered the linen weavers’ guild in June 1394, for the following entry concerns June 29th.
Picture nr. 1: Section of page 16 of the Stadthagen Accounts with the entry for Elzeke
Poytemanes in the year 1394 (Municipal Archives Stadthagen)
The admission fee differed according to the income and the social status of the art. The linen weavers’ guild in Stadthagen consisted exclusively of women. The municipal council granted them the same rights of guild as it granted to men. This female guild was headed by 2 elected female guild-masters.
In a list from 1410 we see that already 12 different guilds existed in the town, a proof of the bus industrial and trade activities in those times. The guilds were corporations in the largest sense of the word for the different craftsmen, tradesmen, and farmers. They did not only exercise economic but also political, military, social, and welfare functions.
In the year 1406 the family name is mentioned for the second time. In one of the copies of documents, which are also contained in the register of citizens of Stadthagen, it is said for the year 1406 that Tileke Poyteman had to pay “Schoß” (=property tax).
Johan Kron and Wolter van Tzersen appeared as guarantors (Burchard 1927). Tileke is an older form of the name Dietrich. “Schoß” is to be understood as a kind of property tax. This tax indicates that Tileke already owned real estate.
We dispose of no information as to any family links between Tileke and Elzeke. The interval between the years in which the documents were issued does not exclude that they were mother and son. G. Naumann (letter) assumed that Elzeke descended from a native family and that she had taken the name Poyteman upon marrying Tileke before she entered the weavers’ guild.
We do not know exactly what Tileke did for a living. But since it was customary that the whole family was busy in the same trade we may safely assume that Tileke was also engaged in the weaving trade. In the year 1429 Henneke Poyteman was the first bearer of our family name to be accepted as a citizen of Stadthagen (Burchard 1927). Those who wished to be accepted as citizens had to pay a citizen fee to the municipal council. During the period from 1378 to 1401 at least it figured between 2 and 12 shillings, and after the codification of the municipal laws in the 15th century the fee was 1 Mark (Brosius 1968). It was also provided in the municipal statutes that only a citizen was allowed to acquire real estate within the precincts of the town (= “wicbilde gut”). One became a citizen usually a the age of 25. Henneke was very probably a son of Tileke (and Elzeke) and therefore a native of Stadthagen. Outside of the information on Henneke’s citizenship we do not know any further details of his life.
We may assume that Hans and Arndt Poyteman, who
became citizens in 1465 and 1477 respectively, were sons of Henneke (Burchard
1927). Hans does not appear after that. Probably Henneke had a son by the name
of Diderick, too. For in 1472 the council of Stadthagen addresses a letter to
the prior and the convent of the monastery Meldorf in
Picture 2: Entry in the “Great Municipal Book” of Stadthagen in 1472, Thursday octava visitatio Mariae, i. e. July 2nd (section of page 248a). The Council of Stadthagen writes to the prior and convent of the monastery in Meldorf for ”the Poyteman woman” to claim the estate of her son Diderick Poyteman (Municipal Archives Stadthagen).
Arndt Poyteman, also spelt “Arnt(d) Poitman”, is the first directly traceable ancestor of today’s bearers of the name Peit(h)mann of the main lines “A” and “B”. He was married to Greteke Merhoff, daughter of Brun Merhoff, who became a citizen in 1453, and granddaughter of Beneke Merhoff, who had died by 1475 (table 11 in Burchard 1927). The Municipal Archives of Stadthagen contain 2 more files referring to Arndt. Son in the year 1487 he becomes “guardian” together with Hans Merhoff, a cousin of his wife, when the brother-in-law of Hans Merhoff, Hans Busse, pays off his children (Burchard 1927). In 1526 Arndt and his son Brun are mentioned in connection with the conveyance of a piece of land (Burchard 1927).
Information on 5 children of Arndt, either documented or presumed children, has come to us: one daughter, Brun, Tomas, Hans and Everd.
The daughter married N. Vischk (Fischer). At
least 4 children were born to this marriage: Ludolf Vischk (1548 citizen and
later mayor in Stadthagen), Franz in
Arndt’s sons Brun and Tomas became citizens in Stadthagen in 1510 and 1511 respectively and founded the main lines “A” (Peitmann) and “B” (Peithmann).
Burchard (1927) shows a son Hans living in
Leonhardt notes in his personal file that
“Everd Peithman”, who had come to
We thank the following gentlemen for
their discussion contributions, essays, information on sources, and other
assistance: D. G. Naumann, formerly councillor of the Federal Reserve Bank
(Frankfurt/Main), Dr. Nissen of the
see German text
Eberhard Peithman, died 1606,
third Protestant Schoolmaster in Eutin
Ever since the existence of Diderick Poyteman in Meldorf in 1472 single members of the Peit(h)mann families have lived in the territory of today’s state of Schleswig-Holstein, through all centuries and right into our days. Here we present one of the bearers of the name on whose origin and descendants we have no direct proof. However, some sources allow respective assumptions.
“The Uthinian City Memorial” is the
title of a printed document concerning the city of
Picture 1: Names of the teachers in Eutin from 1588 until 1710 on page 49 of the publication
edited in 1712 “The Uthinian City Memorial”
There “Eberhard Peuthman” (elsewhere spelt “Peithmann”, too) is listed for the years from 1591 until 1607 as the third teacher after the Reformation (see picture 1). We are not given any further information relating to him.
But from the “Uthinian City
Memorial” we learn details of the conditions under which Eberhard
Peithman as well as his predecessors and followers in his office worked as
teachers in the city of
§ 10 As to the local school/ it is easy to understand/ that it could not be forgotten/ upon the
foundation of the city/ institution of the council/ and establishment of the churches/ of
the same/ as a horticulture of the common weal. Although there is no real news of the
early school existence until the Protestant teaching period.
§ 11 This much is certain/ and was noted then/ that in the year 1558 before Bishop Johan
Tiedeman ruled/ Thomas Küßel/ Pastor at St. Mary’s in Lübeck/ donated his home here
at the cemetery as a school building/ where Henricus Börries, Canonicus taught our
youth for the first time.
§ 12 Wherefore we assume/ that one of the Uthinian Canons must have taught during all the
time that the Chapter existed. Until the time of the prebendary today’s honorary title
“Scholasticus” or “Scholastes”/ showed someone to be a teacher/ or it used to be an
official name for a schoolmaster.
§ 13 Bishop Eberhard von Holle kept this well in mind: therefore he held and ordered in the
1566th Christian year of the Cathedral-Chapter/ one prebend situated in the Uthinian
Chapter, in fact the sixth in rank/ to provide constant educational services/ to be
administered by a priest appointed from the Chapter: as shown by the Constitution or
Foundation written on parchment and laid down in the original at the townhall.
§ 14 How this schoolhouse was transformed into 2 apartments in 1625 and how a new school
was erected on
The expenses of the school system were paid out
of the revenues of a prebend, i. e. of a donation. About 1240, 12 prebend had
already been given, whose revenues were attributed to the civil servants of the
princely episcopate (Schütt). On August 28th, 1566, Bishop
Eberhard II of Holle, who ruled from 1561 until 1586 as spiritual and worldly
head and who finally enforced the Reformation in Eutin, granted two of these
donations for the appointments of the chaplain and the schoolmaster, who were to be
“pious and learned people” (Körber 1977). In this way the
bishop tried to strengthen the Protestant preachers and the
A “Canonicus” was to provide the “school-service”, a canonicus being a member of a spiritual corporate body established at the church. This institution had the task of “binding the church closer to the congregation through intensive pastoral-diaconical work and by numerous and liturgically rich offer of church services” (Körber 1977). In the bills, which are preserved in the State Archives of Schleswig-Holstein (section 269 nr.70) seven names appear among which Eberhard Peithman was the third.
The first Protestant teachers in Eutin were called Ludimagister, later on they were called Vice-Principals and Principals. Eberhard Peithman probably held his classes in the house in Eutin “right here at the cemetery”, in the house which Thomas Küsel, Pastor at St. Mary’s in Lübeck, donated in 1558 for the foundation of the school.
Picture 2: Copy of he list of the prebend of Eutin, originally established in 1595, where Ludimagister Eberhard Peithman is mentioned as holder of the 2nd prebend (State Archives of Schleswig-Holstein, section 400.4, nr. I A. 12. 14)
The “schoolmaster and canonicus Eberhard Peitman” died in the year 1607. His widow Margaret – whose maiden name is unknown married Wolf Schein in 1608. The latter was “cornwriter”, meaning steward in the service of the Prince-Bishop. Probably in order to increase his income he played the organ in the city church. Wolf Schein is documented in Eutin for 1606, 1610 and 1614. In his first marriage he had been married to Catharina Schünemann, daughter of Pastor Dionysius Schünemann at St. Mary’s in Lübeck and widow of Paul Junge, Pastor in Eutin (Volkart 1969).
The university registers of
The registers of both universities prove that
Eberhard Peithman came from
In the “Homeister Collection” (volume 87, nr. 30) in the Municipal Archives of Hannover there is a long wedding poem in Latin by “Eberhardo Peitmano Hanoverano” for the bride Elisabeth Reiche and bridegroom Valentin Herbst. It was printed in 1583 by Jacobus Lucius in Helmstedt (H. Zimmermann in a letter).
We do not find any descendants of Eberhard
Peithman in the parish registers of Eutin (M. Rogge). At least from 1653 a
certain Zacharias Peithmann worked as schoolmaster at first in Meeschendorf and
then in Dänschendorf on the
I thank Mrs. M. Rogge (Lutheran Church
Office in Eutin) as well as Mr. G. Laage (Burg on Fehmarn), Dr. Prange (State Archives of
see German text
1744 – 1821 in Lintorf and His Family
In 1688 when the later consistorial councillor
Ludwig Peithmann (1662 - 1731) took over the first rectory in (Bad)
Georg Ludwig Peithmann was born on June 29th,
1744, as the first child of Johan Ludwig Peithmann (1709 – 1782) and Anna
Louysa Isenbarth. At that time his father served as “steward for the
noble House of Streithorst” near Hunterburg in the parish of Dielingen
under Clamor Eberhard von dem Bussche, prebendary (or canon) in
We have no information on Georg Ludwig’s
childhood and youth. His training as pharmacist was still subject to the edict
of July 16th, 1657, by which the bishop of Osnabrück had made
an exam compulsory for the pharmacists in his prince-bishopric.
“According to this decree non-certified pharmacists will have to appear
before the physician in ordinary to the prince-bishop, to the bishopric and to
the palace on the 16th of the coming month of August, and they shall
be ready to prove their knowledge, science and their books and be duly examined
and to be certified or not to be certified”. On September 6th,
1731, the archbishop of
Georg Ludwig Peithmann must have been employed
as assistant in the pharmacy in (Bad)
No information is available on the origin of the Lintorf pharmacy being one of the oldest in the area. In 1755 “on the day of the seven brothers” 52 houses of Lintorf burned down. The framework of the pharmacy was rebuilt, too (see picture 1). On the beams at the front of the house it says among other things:
In 1775 on the 10th of July – Hermanhenerich Gräber and Annasophia Sorgels married couple
Evidently the family of the merchant Gräber had moved to Lintorf at that time or shortly before. Only for the period after this we find entries in the parish registers.
In 1774 Georg Ludwig Peithmann applied at the administration of the high chapter of Osnabrück for the permission to open a pharmacy in Lintorf and to act as a “surgeon” (= first-aid-man). On May 6th, 1774, the authorities in charge of Lintorf, the office in Wittlage, rendered the following opinion:
“We do not have any objections to granting G. L. Peithmann the required Permission to open a pharmacy in Lintorf; however, since Surgeon Busch has already been received for Lintorf and since he has been lucky in curing even very dangerous damage, since it would be impossible to make a living out of surgery there, it is our opinion without prejudice that the requested concession for surgery should only be granted within the limits of the certificate attributed by the district physician, i. e. restricted to small fleshwounds, small ulcers and in times of need restricted to blood-letting”. (State Archives Osnabrück Rep. 150 Wit).
Picture 1: Front of the pharmacy building erected after the great fire of 1755 (4th Wittlage
Home Leaflet 1960)
From the marriage of Georg Ludwig Peithmann and Henriette Dorothea Gräber 8 children were born in Lintorf: Ludwig Heinrich (christened April 4th, 1775), Amalie Louise (christened May 8th, 1778), Clamor Adolph (christened April 13th, 1781, buried December 12th , 1781), Fri(e)derica Wilhelmina (christened February 2nd, 1783), Carl Conrad (born January 21st, 1787), Clamor Adolph Theodor (christened May 12th, 1790), Christian Friedrich Wilhelm (born September 27th, 1794, died of small pox and buried September 6th, 1797), and Friedrich Arnold (born October 15th, 1800). Nothing is known to us as yet of the life of the children: Ludwig Heinrich, Carl Conrad, Clamor Adolph Theodor, and Friedrich Arnold.
Amalie Louise married August Joseph Breier
Georg Ludwig Peithmann’s daughter Friederica Wilhelmina married the pharmacist Carl Georg Seippel on November 7th, 1815, the son of minister Carl Ludwig Seippel and Sophia Dunkeln from (Bad) Nenndorf. The son-in-law probably worked in the Lintorf pharmacy after his marriage. From august 1816 he is mentioned – as well as Georg Ludwig Peithmann in his death entry 1821 – in the parish registers as “pharmacist and cemeterian”. The cemeterian lived in the house “on the cemetery”, i. e. the formerly fortified houses around the former cemetery and castle, to which the pharmacy belonged as well.
The pharmacist Georg Ludwig Peithmann died on January 14th, 1821, at the age of 76 after his wife Henriette Dorothea Gräber had preceded him in January 8th, 1820.
A letter from the “Royal Government of Great Britain and Hannover” in Osnabrück – the former bishopric Osnabrück had become part of the kingdom of Hannover during the Vienna Congress in 1815 – addressed to the “Royal Office Wittlage – Hunteburg” on February 5th, 1821, gives information on the continuation of the pharmacy. It is said there among other things:
“The son-in-law of the pharmacist Peithmann in Lintorf, who recently died, Carl Georg Christian Seipel has notified that his father-in-law had transferred the pharmacy to him as early as in April 1818 with all its appurtenances; wherefore he now applies for the privilege of continuing the same.” In this letter the government subjects the license to the fulfilment of the requirements laid down in the decree of December 19th, 1820, i. e. that the applicant takes the prescribed exams and that he presents the necessary certificate. We read in the report of the “Royal Medical Examination Board For Great Britain and Hannover” of June 26th, 1821: “Considering that the assistant pharmacist Carl Georg Christian Seipel, born in Nenndorf in the county of Schaumburg, has sufficiently demonstrated that he has finished his 25th year of age, that he has learned the art of pharmacy in accordance with the laws and that he ahs exercised it in practice to the satisfaction of his superiors for a considerable time, we have not been able to oppose his request to be examined by us, and this has been done on the 23rd of this month. We testify now that has well satisfied us as to his fundamental knowledge and skills as a pharmacist so that we do not have any scruples to declare him apt to manage a pharmacy and to teach apprentices the basic elements” (State Archives Osnabrück, Rep. 150 Wit).
Carl Georg Christian Seippel and Friederica Wilhelmina Peithmann had two children born in Lintorf: Carl Ludwig (August 2nd, 1816) and Carl August Ferdinand (August 19th, 1820 – August 23rd, 1820). On September 8th, 1824 the wife died of tuberculosis at the age of 41 years and 7 months.
On May 18th, 1825,Carl Georg Christian Seippel married for the second time, the second cousin of his wife Eleanore Catherine Friederica Peithmann (born in Holte May 18th, 1782). She was the daughter of the minister Clamor Albrecht Peithmann (1705 – 1770) in Gehrde near Bersenbrück, brother of the steward Johann Ludwig Peithmann.
In 1826 the pharmacist Seippel added a framework barn to the pharmacy building. The barn was torn down in 1979. On the beam topping the gate decorated with flower ornaments there was the following inscription:
G.CH. Carl Seippel and C. L. Friederica Seippel née Peithmann
Master Wissmann – May 11th, 1826
Two more blows of fate in his family hit the pharmacist Seippel. After the stillbirth of their first child on November 30th, 1827, his second wife died in childbed on January 4th, 1828, at the age of 44.
When Carl Georg Christian Seippel himself died of pneumonia on June 26th, 1833, at the age of 54, he left as his only descendant his almost 17 year old son Carl Ludwig. Upon his father’s death, the latter had been an apprentice with the pharmacist Dr. Meine in Hessisch Oldendorf for 2 years. The guardians of the minor heir were Carl Ludwig’s uncle Philipp Seippel, civil servant in Spenge, and the sexton Johann Wilhelm Bockelmann in Lintorf, who had been given the keys of the pharmacy, which had been locked and sealed following an order of July 4th, 1833. On July 8th, 1833, Carl Ludwig Seippel applied for “the privilege of practising as pharmacist in Lintorf very son”. In order to confirm the “most obedient notice and request to the Royal Office Wittlage-Hunteburg” it is said in this letter inter alia:
“As mentioned above there has been a pharmacy in Lintorf for many years, for the former pharmacist Peithmann, my grandfather, set it up there. In view of the growing population and of the manifold illnesses existing now, yet unknown in the past, it cannot be assumed that the pharmacy in Lintorf is redundant, on the contrary it has become even more indispensable. I may add that my ancestors, especially my grandfather, incurred considerable expenses in the process of establishing the pharmacy, and I consider it as a matter of equity that I should profit from these sacrifices.” – “Finally my father became reduced in his financial circumstances due to several adverse incidents.” –“If I am fortunate enough to retain the privilege of exercising the art of pharmacy in Lintorf in the near future, it will be possible to pay all creditors by selling my late father’s furniture, by collecting his outstanding claims and by letting the pharmacy on lease for the time being...” (State Archives Osnabrück Rep. 350 Wit.).
The “Royal British and Hannoverian District” let the “Royal Office Wittlage-Hunteburg” know by their letter of July 12th, 1833, that they were “not disinclined to allow the provisional lease or administration until the heir has qualified for taking over.”
Following this on October 28th, 1833, the “candidate of pharmacy and administrator of the branch pharmacy in Wellingholzhausen”, Johann Wilhelm Mühe from Brake, received the authorisation to run the pharmacy in Lintorf, which he had leased on October 18th, 1833, from the Seippel guardians for 12 years on the basis of “a hundred and thirty Thalers Prussian Courant”. Mühe took over “also the inventory of the pharmacy including the drugs in stock as specified in he register established by bailiff Heilmann in Essen and assessed by the pharmacists Runge from Oldendorf and Pagenstecker from Ostercappeln at the price of 612 imperial Thalers 27 Mgr. and 6 Pfennigs” (State Archives Osnabrück, Rep. 350 Wit.).
However, Seippel jr. died in Spenge on November 14th, 1841. According to his last will Carl Ludwig’s godfather and foster-father Philipp Seippel in Spenge inherited the pharmacy. In March 1842 the latter sold it with all its inventory to the guardians of the equally deceased pharmacist Mühe at the price of 3.050 imperial Thalers (Schroeder).
I thank Mrs. Marianne Peithmann (Bad Essen-Wimmer) for her unflinching assistance with the checking of parish registers and archives. Dr. Helmut Vester of the Institute for the History and Pharmacy at the Main State Archives of Düsseldorf gave valuable advice and referred me to literature.
1. Parish registers of Lintorf and Bad Essen (district of Osnabrück) as well as Dielingen (district of Minden-Lübbecke)
a) Requested License for the exercise of the art of pharmacy, as well as the establishment of the pharmacy in Lintorf. Years 1774 – 1821 (Rep. 150 Wit nr. 201)
b) The revision of the pharmacy in Lintorf. Years 1829 – 1866 (Rep. 335 Wit nr. 4040)
c) The Seissel Pharmacy in Lintorf. Years 1833 – 1847 (Rep. 350 Wit nr. 476)
see German text
The Farmer Ernst Ludwig Andreas Peithmann
1836 – 1916 in Südhemmern and his Descendants
Of the 13
children of Eberhard Friedrich Gottlieb Peithmann (1809 – 1882), farmer
in nr. 16 Unterlübbe in the
E r n s t Ludwig Andreas (1836 – 1916) “Südhemmern” branch,
Eberhard Richard H e r m a n n (1838 – 1919) „Hoyleton“ (USA) branch,
August Heinrich W i l h e l m (1841 – 1919) „Unterlübbe“ branch,
Eberhard H e i n r i c h Ludwig (1844 – 1897) „Frotheim“ branch,
Wilhelm L u d w i g Eberhard (1848 – 1920) “Wulferdingsen” branch, and
F r i e d r i c h , „Frederick“, (1853 – 1934) „Sedalia“ (USA) branch.
Picture 1 and 2: Ernst Ludwig Andreas Peithmann and Caroline Wilhelmine Regine Rieher as
newly-weds and in their old age
Ernst Ludwig Andreas was born the fifth child on November 2nd, 1836. When he left school he first worked on his parents’ farm, where he was the eldest remaining son.
On July 1st, 1864, Ernst married Caroline Wilhelmine Regine Rieher (born September 22nd, 1844, died April 19th, 1920) who was to inherit the farm nr. 21 Südhemmern in the Minden region. She was the daughter of the farmer Carl Andreas Rieher and his wife Marie Ilsabein née Fabri, widowed Wiese.
The engagement agreement of 1864 has survived; it is as follows:
“The following contract has been discussed and drawn up between Farmer Eberhard Peithmann, nr. 16 Unterlübbe and Farmer Rieher, nr. 21 Südhemmern:
The son of Farmer Peithmann, Ernst Peithmann, and the daughter of Farmer Rieher, Wilhelmine Caroline Regine Rieher, have become engaged with their parents’ consent and intend to marry in church within a short time. In the case of this marriage the father of the bridegroom Farmer Eberhard Peithmann is to pay the sum of 3.200 Thalers Corant (i.e. fully valued money) at Christmas this year to Farmer Rieher the bride’s father as his son Ernst Peithmann’s share of the inheritance. At the same time as putting money into the property as is the custom in this district. The bridal carriage is to be delivered in the autumn of this year and the money at the time of the engagement.
Both parties are bound to honour this agreement once it is signed. As acknowledgement of this, having read the agreement, the signatures follow.
Südhemmern, the 3rd of June 1864
Carl Rieher nr. 21 Südhemmern
Er. Peper as witness.“
As well as the agreed sum of 3.200 Thalers Ernst Peithmann brought from his parents’ farm in Südhemmern a further 800 Thalers. For this reason Carl Rieher handed over his property t his son-in-law on his daughter’s marriage.
The farm had 56 morgens of arable land and grassland (1 morgen equals about 2 acres). The still existent door post of the timbered house which was demolished in 1976 has this inscription with the name of the farm’s owner and builder:
JOHAN CORDT WIESE AND ILSABEIN ROLFING ANNO 1756
M JOHAN CHRISTIAN FABRI ANNO DOMINI 1756
farm house had a perpendicular gable at the front. The entrance lay back under
it and afforded a protection from rain when unharnessing the horses. As was
often the case in the
Picture 3: The living quarters gable of the Peithmann farm house nr. 21 Südhemmern from a postcard drawing of 1912
Ernst Peithmann had to work hard on his newly acquired farm. He managed to do well by his children and to hand on the property of 38 morgens free of debts. His grandchildren say of him that he was always concerned for honesty in business and never erred from this honesty. The inhabitants of Südhemmern entrusted him with responsibility in the community. At that time it was unusual that Ernst, who married into a farm, should have been a member of the Parochial Council from 1890 – 1903. In addition he was a member of Südhemmern’s school committee from 1886 – 1903. Ernst never missed going to church on Sunday. He died on the April 16th, 1916.
Picture 4: Ernst Ludwig Andreas Peithmann and Caroline Wilhelmine Regine Rieher (middle row) with children, son- and daughters-in-law and grandchildren in 1912. Top row from the left: Marie Röthemeier née Peithmann, Christian Röthemeier, Wilhelmine Peithmann née Tüting, Friedrich Peithmann, Dr. Christian Peithmann, Heinrich Peithmann and Luise Peithmann née Röthemeier. Middle row: Left Friederike Peithmann and right Wilhelmine Peithmann. bottom row from left: Hermann Peithmann, Friedrich Peithmann, Erna Peithmann, Erna Peithmann, Marie Röthemeier, Mimmi Peithmann and Heinrich Peithmann.
Ernst Ludwig Andreas Peithmann and Caroline Wilhelmine Regine Rieher had twelve children: Louise, Christian, Sophie, Heinrich, August, Karoline, Friedrich, Marie, August Ludwig, Hermann, Wilhelmine, and Friederike.
born July 1st, 1866, died February 17th, 1943
On December 30th, 1886, the eldest
daughter Louise married Friedrich (Fred) Krüger (born October 19th,
1858, died September 7th, 1936) who owned a farm of 18 morgens in
Hille. But this small farm could hardly feed a family. Just 18 years after
their marriage the couple emigrated to the
Friedrich Krüger’s eldest brother
Heinrich had already emigrated to
In the following years other brothers and
sisters of Louise followed her example and attempted a new start in the
Fred Krüger and Louise Peithmann had 5 sons and 3 daughters: Farmer Fred (born December 1st, 1887, died in Denver, Colorado August 11th, 1975); Pastor Christian Friedrich Hermann (born February 27th, 1892, died in Jacksonville, Florida March 16th, 1970); Louise Sophie Fangmeier (born December 23rd, 1893, died in Gilead, Nebraska November 20th, 1978); Dr. med. Fred William (born October 17th, 1896, died in Jacksonville July 5th, 1948); Farmer Christian August (born August 17th, 1900); Marie Louise Fangmeier (born November 17th, 1901, died in Hebron, Nebraska July 10th, 1978); and Louise Hellbusch (born April 2nd, 1904, died in Gilead, Nebraska July 24th, 1961).
Picture 5: Peithmann brothers and sisters. top row from left: Marie Röthemeier, Friederike Meyer, Wilhelmine Meyer, and Karoline Krüger. bottom row from left: Heinrich, Louise Krüger, Sophie Becker and Friedrich.
born May 3rd, 1868, died 1943
carried on the century long theology tradition of the Peit(h)manns. Before him
his great-great-grandfather Eberhard David Peithmann (1743 – 1814) had
been pastor in Frille. After his study Christian turned to gnostic beliefs
which he later influenced. In 1887 he passed his final school exams with good
marks at the
Christian was an officer cadet for one year
from April 1892 onwards, although he was not considered suitable for service.
There arose in the obviously very sensitive young theologian a strong dislike
of the strict and rough service in his barracks. After this he was qualified to
work in a parish. On August 1st, 1894 he informed the Konsistorium
in Münster that he intended to travel to
The same year Ernst Christian Peithmann
received his doctorate at the
In a “Greeting to the German Women’s Club in Hardwick, Minnesota, on the occasion of its 5th anniversary, October 3rd, 1913”, Christian encourages the German emigrants to go their way as Christians in the New World. Three of the verses are as follows:
As Jesus once sent out his disciples
So has he put you here,
In order that the light, which shone in him,
Should lighten the dark world still today.
You have taken upon you the duty
Of binding the bleeding wounds,
In a world, which is burdened by sin,
You have done your work of love.
And God has blessed your work
Has led you along the right path.
Consolation has come from heaven
When the way was dark for you.
God has accepted in grace
What you gave to his kingdom-
The songs you sang in the choir
Have come to God.
Now continue to god’s glory
In love and unity.
Add stones to the sanctuary
For time and eternity.
And may the number of members,
Which has more than tripled,
Be doubled again at the next celebration,
That is my wish, prayer and council.
Christian returned to Südhemmern for his
parents’ golden wedding anniversary in 1914. Because of the outbreak of World
War I he had to stay in German until 1916. During this time he published
“The German Sword; War Poems of the Years 1914-1915-1916”. In the
Picture 6: Dr. Christian Peithmann and his wife Luise née Pagmann
The subject matter of his examination thesis are inclinations of the philosophical inclination of the theologian Christian Peithmann. He thought of himself as a gnostic and starting in 1901 published. besides 36 essays, numerous works of which the following titles are known:
Ancient Greek Philosophers (Bitterfeld and Leipzig1901 – 1902)
Socrates’ Philosophy of Nature
Gnostic Fathers (Bitterfeld and Leipzig 1903 – 1904)
The Metaphysical Interpretation of the Bible (Bitterfeld and Leipzig 1903)
The Gnostic Communities in Ancient
and Modern Times (Schmiedeberg and
Gnostic Catechism (Bitterfeld and Leipzig 1904)
Secret Christian Teaching of the First Two Centuries (Schmiedeberg 1905 – 1906)
3. What is Man?
4. The nether Jesus
(nr. 3 and 4 of the Gnostic Catechism)
Secret Conversations between Jesus and his Disciples (Schmiedeberg 1909)
1. Jesus’ Transfiguration and Ascension
In the appendix to several of his works Christian mentioned further works for which there were already manuscripts. It is known whether they were printed. In “Socrates Philosophy of Nature” which was written in 1898 and published in 1902 in the respected “Archive for the History of Philosophy” the title of professor accompanies his name. With “Dr. Peithmann’s Works for Educated and Thinking People” his publications were advertised and offered by his publishing firm. The work “The Metaphysical Interpretation of the Bible” is an example of Christian’s philosophical interpretation of biblical contexts. In it he distinguishes between the “literal” explanation of the Bible, which is founded in the historical data of biblical accounts, and the “spiritual” or symbolic explanation, in which the historical happenings are just symbols for the “eternal deeds in the higher world”. “These spiritual people represent...the true invisible church.”
In “Gnostic Catechism” Christian seeks to make religious thought of late antiquity fitting to his own time. It is not possible here to go further into the content of his other publications, the process of his thinking, and his contact with other gnostics; for one thing as in his case little investigated undercurrents of German history of philosophy cross each other (H. Möller in a letter).
On March 29th, 1878 Christian
married Luise Pagemann, who was born in
born February 24th, 1870, died September 6th, 1941
On October 31st, 1891 Sophie married
the teacher Christian Friedrich Heinrich (called Engelkemeier) Becker (born
September 10th, 1858, died December 2nd, 1933) who was
born in Holsen near Schnathorst. He had attended the preparatory courses and
teachers’ training college in Petershagen. Christian taught in Nammen,
Eickhorst, and Wasserstraße in the
born February 20th, 1872, died July 1st, 1963
Ernst Peithmann’s second eldest son Heinrich became heir to the farm in Südhemmern nr. 21. On July 1st, 1902 he married Luise Röthemeier (born August 26th, 1873, died November 29th, 1951), daughter of the farmer Cord Heinrich Christian Röthemeier and his wife Caroline Marie Luise Tiemann in the Specken district of Südhemmern.
From 1893 – 1895 Heinrich served in the
“4th Infantry Guard Regiment” in
As the income from the farm was not enough to
support the family, Heinrich earned extra money. In the period from about 1896
– 1900 he worked when farming
allowed – in the food store of the
Heinrich had no labourers and had to do all the work himself. Every year he mowed all the cereal produce alone with a scythe. As a beekeeper he had up to 40 colonies of bees. In addition he had bought rights to hunt in Südhemmern. While hunting in 1925 he lost an eye from a stray bullet.
Picture 8: Pastor Heinrich Peithmann
From 1925 until the National Socialists seized power in 1933 Heinrich was Mayor of Südhemmern after he had been elected to the Parochial Council the year before. In this office he concerned himself chiefly with the building of roads. Amongst other things he had a 2 km long link road built between the village and the district of Grefte.
Heinrich Peithmann and Luise Röthemeier had two sons: Heinrich and Hermann.
The eldest son Eberhard Karl Ernst Christian
Heinrich (born June 14thm 1903, die in Bünde August 3rd, 1073)
became a pastor. In 1923 he passed the final exams at the humanistic grammar
From 1945 – 1949 Heinrich held several
honorary offices in the
From 1949 until he retired in 1967 Heinrich was
a vicar in Mennighüffen in the district of Herford. During this time he belonged
to the financial committees of both the Westphalian synod and the diocese of
On July 1st, 1932 Heinrich married Friederike von Behren, daughter of August von Behren and Sophie Ehrich in Südhemmern. The couple had 3 children: Marie-Luise, Erika, and Eberhard.
Marie-Luise (born Essen-Steele April 30th,
1933) passed her final school exams at
E r i k a
Herta Regina (born in Essen-Steele April 21st, 1935) attended
secondary schools in
E b e r h a r d Ernst (born in Essen-Steele June 29th,
1936) Passed his final school exams at
Heinrich’s younger son Christian August
Hermann (born April 7th, 1906) attended secondary school in
born March 29th, 1874, died February 9th, 1878
August was not quite four years old when he died of a nervous complaint. He had the first grave in the newly consecrated cemetery in Südhemmern in 1878.
born May 27th, 1876, died November 12, 1967
the years 1903 – 1909 in the
After her return from the
In World War I Christian was a soldier with the
naval artillery on the
The two sons Christian Ernst (born June 11, 1910. died June 27th, 1979) and Heinrich Friedrich (born June 19th, 1911) were born in Little Kotzenau and the daughter Else (born December 14th, 1912, died October 9th, 1920) in Hille.
born August 7th, 1878, died February 19th, 1952
a master baker. He learned his trace in a bakery in Valdorf near Vlotho. He
walked there and back from Südhemmern. He was a soldier with the
Picture 9: Master baker Friedrich Peithmann and his future wife Wilhelmine Tüting on the day of their engagement
Soon after his return from
Picture 10: The Peithmann Bakery in Südhemmern in 1915. Adults from left: Louise Krüger
née Peithmann, Dr. Christian Peithmann, Wilhelmine and Friedrich Peithmann,
On August 6th, 1904 in Kutenhausen,
Minden he married Wilhelmine Friederike Tüting (born April 30th,
1878, died January 29th, 1927), daughter of the farmer Christian
Tüting and his wife Wilhelmine Poos. Friedrich’s wife died at the
age of 48 of a heart complaint while spending a holiday with her teacher
brother August Tüting in
The eldest daughter Mimmi (born February 7th, 1905, died February 13th,
1981) supported her ailing mother and nursed her when she left school. From
October 1928 to November 1941 she was a nurse in
Picture 11: Erna Meier née Peithmann
Picture 12: Mimmi bock née Peithmann
Frieda (born October 30th, 1906,
died July 26th, 1969). When she left secondary school in
Erna (born April 23rd, 1908,
died October 6th, 1970) also attended secondary school in
On May 9th, 1939 she married the
farmer Friedrich Meier (born January 19th, 1905) on the farm in
Friedrich (born February 6th, 1910,
died April 9th, 1958) was apprentice bake in Gustav Schmidt’s
Picture 13: Frieda Peithmann and Marie Spilker (future wife of Hermann Peithmann) in
Minden-Ravensburg costume in the year 1928
Monika married Harmut Schnare (born October 12th, 1948) on July 13th, 1973 in Externtal-Kükenbruch in the district of Detmold. their daughter Yvonne was von October 29th, 1974 and their son Tim on August 14th, 1978.
Marie (born September 26th,
1912). After attending the commercial college in
Picture 14: Master baker Friedrich Peithmann
Heinrich (born May 23rd, 1917,
missing in action 1945) attended secondary school in Südhemmern and then
worked for the local administration in Hartum, in the district of Minden. From
the beginning to the end of 1939 he worked for the administration in Hausberge.
He then became a soldier and fought on both the East and West fronts. In the
spring of 1945 he became a Russian prisoner-of-war in
Heinrich married Anna Rohlfing (born February 10th, 1918) on June 10th, 1938 in Nordhemmern. His son Heinrich Jr. (born September 10th, 1938) is a chief inspector with the German railways and lives in Nordhemmern, which is today a district of Hille. In 1964 he married Renate Teich (born May 22nd, 1941) and they have a son Frank (born September 5th, 1965).
Picture 15: Elisabeth Peithmann
Picture 16: Heinrich Peithmann
(born May 23rd, 1917), Heinrich’s twin sister, worked in the
household of Dr. Uphoff in Minden when she left school. On April 6th,
1942 she married the ship’s master Johann Schneckenberger of
Neckargemünd (born October 20th, 1906, died March 23rd,
1970). With a freight ship of the “Rhenus” shipping company they
travelled along the waterways of the Federal Republic of Germany and
Elisabeth (born November 11, 1919, died
August 2nd, 1966) learnt housekeeping in
born February 1st, 1881, died January 25th, 1971
ON July 1st, 1902 Marie married Heinrich Christian Röthemeier (born November 18th, 1870, died June 18th, 1963) the brother of her sister-in-law Luise Peithmann, née Röthemeier. He owned a small farm of 18 morgens in Specken, a district of Südhemmern, from which the family lived. The couple had a hard start as Christian’s father had died early at the age of 35 as the result of war wounds. They had one child, a daughter, Marie Luise Nowak (born July 21st , 1907, died February 22nd, 1978).
Verses by Christian Röthemeier have been handed down, in which he wrote his thoughts about both life and death and the meaning of life. In a poem he writes:
We all go together one way.
Nobody finds another path.
At the beginning of the way brown hair
At the middle the man in his best years.
At the end the old man stands with bent head.
His hair shines silvery-white
Bleached by the fullness of years.
And all hope for the old man’s goal
yet those who reach it are not very many
Most of them come earlier to the bier
Death exercises its uncanny power
And spares neither young nor old.
And even if you close the cemeteries
You still find them.
Whether young or old, poor or rich,
In death they are all alike.
Fame and honour do not count
Nor human virtue and wisdom.
There is no more mistake and deception
You see the naked truth.
Life is just a moment,
Then matter returns to matter.
Yet the spirit, which gave the matter life
Does not sink down with it into the dark grave.
When it has departed here
It must return some day to its origin.
born May 5th, 1883, died 1952
After he left
school August spent two years as an apprentice with the Reichspost (Post Office).
Apparently his brother Christian then advised him to go to the
August became a widower early and married a
second time. Of this wife, too, we only know the forename Evelyn. He did not
continue the bakery with her but accepted a position offered to him in a hotel
August had no children. He completely lost touch with his brothers and sisters. He only exchanged letters with his mother. He died in 1952 without ever having returned to his birthplace Südhemmern.
Picture 17: “Gus. Peithmann Bakery and Confectionary” in St. Louis between about 1910 and 1915. August Peithmann and his first wife Emma are standing in the doorway. August’s nephew Fred Krüger is sitting on the bread cart.
born April 12th, 1886, died November 22nd, 1948
Doubtless due to the instigation of his brother
Christian, 16 year old Hermann came to the
A l l e n Ernst (born
December 29th, 1941) is manager of a leasing firm in
Picture 18: Hermann Peithmann and his wife Friederike née Meyer on their silver wedding
anniversary in 1938
Picture 19: August Peithmann
A n n M a r i e (born April 18th,
1946) married on August 27th, 1966 Willard Norman Grummert (born
April 3rd, 1944), an inland retail sales director for the firm
“Gyp-Crete- Corporation of Hamel” in
L o r e n
Edward (born September 13th, 1947) works on a grain and
cattle farm of 800 acres near
William Frederick (born June 28th,
1917) did not marry. He lives with his mother on the family farm in
born September 14th, 1887, died September 12th, 1962
learned housekeeping in the “Red House”, an estate in Hille and then
form spring 1913 onwards was cook for a year in a boarding school for German
and foreign schoolboys in Bad Godesberg. In April 1914 she gave up this work
and nursed her youngest sister Friederike in Hahlen near
her brother-in-law in Hahlen was manager of a branch of the Bastert cigar factory based in Bünde. Here she met her husband Karl Friedrich Meyer (born April 24th, 1889, died August 16th, 1967) from Altenhüffen near Bünde who as private chauffeur visited the branches of the Bastert firm. After the wedding on October 18th, 1917 the couple settled in Bünde. In 1911 Karl Meyer drove in Bünde for his firm the first private car, a “Hansa”. In 1939 he entered the service of the Bünde Brölhorst furniture factory and retired at the age of 68.
Their daughter Anneliese Stoppkotte was born on October 22nd, 1919. Their son Ernst Werner was born on September 14th, 1921 and was listed as missing in August 1944 in World War II.
born December 6th, died March 22nd, 1969
Friederike lived from 1907 – 1912 in the
I should like to thank the following relatives for information and particulars:
William Fangmeier (Hebron, Nebraska), Friedrich Krüger (Hille), Marie Kruse (Hille-Nordhemmern), Eberhard Peithmann (Löhne), Friederike Peithmann (Hubbell, Nebraska), Friedrich Ernst Peithmann (Hille-Südhemmern), Hermann Peithmann Sr. and Jr. (Hille-Südhemmern), Luise Schneckenberger, and Anneliese Stoppkotte (Bünde). Prof. Helmut Möller (Göttingen) supplied me with ample information about Dr. E. Christian H. Peithmann.
Church books of Bergkirchen and Hille (Minden-Lübbecke)
see German text
The Farmer Frederick Peithmann
founds the family branch ‘
In the time from 1848 to 1904 nine members of
the Westphalian ‘Peithmann-branch B’
emigrated either alone or with their families to the
On the 24th January 1853 in
Unterlübbe Nr. 16 a son, the thirteenth and last child was born to the
farmer Eberhard Friedrich Gottlieb Peithmann (1809
– 1882) and his wife Marie Louise Peper (1808
– 1889). The parents gave him the name Friedrich, as their first son
Friedrich, born in 1830, had emigrated to the
When he left school Friedrich first worked on
his parents’ farm as did his
brothers and sisters before him. Two brothers and two sisters had already
emigrated to the
There is still in existence a letter of the
year 1878 which Friedrich sent to his brother Hermann in the
18th May 1878
The Grace of God
Dear Brother and sister-in-Law,
Since we haven’t exchanged letters for a long time and you were the last to write, I can no longer put off writing you a few lines. Didn’t you think we had forgotten you? You are spoken about so much and then we say we must write to you and that’s how far it gets.
We are all well here and hope the same is true of you. I want to let you know that our brother Wilhelm has remarried. His wife is Karoline Volle called Sander from Rothenuffeln. Our brother Ludwig’s wife passed away in the spring of this year which has left him in sorry predicament as she left him a lot of children, seven in all, five from the first and two from the second marriage. The youngest child, Ludwig was in care with us and died at the age of nine months. Now he must place his trust in God. Whoever does that will not be left wanting.
We have here ideal weather conditions, old people can’t remember such a spring. We are now in the middle of May. and the rye is beginning to shoot. It looks as if we’re going to have an early harvest.
Our parents are nearing their end, especially our dear mother. She is becoming very weak. She is in her 70th year, the Lord’s Will be done.
I have always said, if only I were with you too. But my inclination to travel is still lacking. I must trust on divine guidance, without which I cannot do anything.
We’re hovering here
between war and peace, and if war should break out, then I shall be one of the
first for I have been a soldier. You know I served in the infantry of the 7th
Guard Regiment in Spandau, which is two hours from
Last week a criminal fired two shots at our emperor but neither of them hit him. The criminal has been arrested.
I haven’t any more news. I will close in the hope that you aren’t cross that we haven’t written sooner.
Just one more thing, our sister Friederike told us she wrote to you last year but received no answer. they didn’t know whether you had received the letter. Please let us know. Please give greetings to the Krughoffs and Hucks. They shouldn’t be offended either.
Our dear mother speaks so often about you all, too. She would so like to see you again in this world. If one of you would grant her this pleasure, we should all be very pleased.
You, dear brother, could perhaps manage it best of all, because you are now with your parents-in-law. If you can, come over and bring your wife with you. Many greetings from all of us here to you, your wife and parents-in-law.
I am and remain your ever-loving brother, brother-in-law and uncle.
Write again soon.
Friedrich realised what he hinted at in the
letter to his brother; he emigrated to the
The name “Friedrich Peithmann” is
missing from the list of emigrants of the
Helene Garnholz came
from (Bad) Zwischenahn near
picture 1: The farmer
Frederick Peithmann and his family in the year 1906. Top row from the left:
Laura M., Ella F., Elizabeth I. and Edgar F.. Bottom row from the left: Oscar
W., mother Helene née Garnholz. father
First of all Frederick Peithmann had general
stores in Beaucoup. Then he bought a small farm there. In 1896
A farmhouse, which burnt down in 1905, was part
of the new acquisitions. The family had so spend the rest of the winter in a
barn. In the following spring the neighbours helped erect a new building. The
necessary wood was chopped down in the 40 acre large wood which
The couple had seven children.
picture 2: Frederick Peithmann’s farmhouse near
* 15. 1. 1885 died 3. 6. 1974
The young newlyweds first earned their living
on a rented farm near Humboldt in the state of
Wit the help of a correspondence course Robert
improved his knowledge of engineering. About 1913 he joined a firm of dairy
products ‘Fairmont Creamery Co’ in
In his wife Robert W. Sandfort
had a conscientious housekeeper, good cook and clever seamstress. Her daughter
Helen tells that her mother constantly devoted herself in a loving and selfless
way to her family and home. The two children of the marriage were born in
Humboldt: Helen Elizabeth (* 11. 3. 1910 died 16. 8. 2002) and John Frederick
(* 18. 7. 1911).
picture 3: The married couple Robert W. Sandfort and Lydia W. Peithmann in the year 1909
* 12. 6. 1887 died 10. 3. 1960
The eldest son Oscar attended the
On the 1st January 1920 in
picture 4: Oscar W. Peithmann
picture 5: Homer L. Peithmann 1958
Oscar Peithmann and Cora Lamm
had three children, all of whom were born in Knob Noster:
Patricia, John Frederick and Louise. the couple were burned in
The older daughter Patricia Alice (* 26. 12.
John Frederick who was born on 21st June 1922 died in the September of the same year.
Oscar’s daughter Elizabeth Louise (* 17.
10. 1923) studied at
* 12. 5. 1889 died 15. 6. 1956
Homer married Emma Steinwald
on 14th March 1919. The
marriage was childless. He was a successful farmer in Livington
near his birthplace in
When Homer was still living on his parents’ farm, he was kicked by a horse so badly, that he had to have a kidney removed. In those days this was still a very dangerous operation. It was not, however, the loss of a kidney but asthma which later weakened his health. He died of this at the age of 70 in Livington.
* 28. 1. 1892 died Dec. 1979
Up till her marriage Laura taught for 4 years
at a school in
The couple had seven children: Laurel Bertice (* 24. 10. 1917 in Sedalia), Bernice Mae born in
Hughesville in the state of Missouri (* 1. 12. 1919), James Frederick (*22. 6.
1922), Robert Samuel (* 18. 11. 1923), Richard (* 14. 2. 1925), Jane Elizabeth
(* 20. 4. 1927) and Edgar Eugene (born in La Monte in
* 28. 1. 1894 died 14. 2. 1978
Ella did not marry and was a secretary all her
working life. During World War I she worked in the capital
picture 6: The sisters Elizabeth I., Ella F. and Laura M. (from left to right)
* 4. 4. 1896
After attending Warrensburg State Normal School
Elizabeth also taught until her marriage. On 21st August 1922 in
* 23. 12. 1902 died July 1980
The youngest son Edgar became a lawyer. First
of all he worked as a legal adviser for insurance companies in the states of
Edgar had a fine sense of humour and could tell
stories well. It was he who passed on most of the details about the first
decades of the family branch ‘
Edgar married Genevieve Laura Perkins (*
picture 7: The married couple Edgar F. Peithmann and Genvieve L. Perkins on their Ruby wedding anniversary in 1968
Helen Virginia (* 19. 2. 1932) married Donald
Marvin Johnson (* 1. 8. 1930) son of Marvin Lewis Johnson and Muriel Lenora
Bellingham on 31st January 1953 in Seattle. The two children of the
marriage were born in
Frederick Clay (* 21. 11. 1936) is manager of
an insurance company for a large chain of food stores and lives in
Ms Helen Sandfort in
Church books of Bergkirchen in Minden-Lübbecke
Müller. F. (1981) Westphalian
emigrants in the 19th century – emigration from the